Research Opportunities & Initiatives

Civic Learning

Civic-Minded Graduate

The civic-minded graduate is a person who has completed a course of study and has the capacity and desire to work with others to achieve the common good.

It refers to a person’s inclination or disposition to be knowledgeable of and involved in the community, and to have a commitment to act upon a sense of responsibility as a member of that community.

Students at a volunteer site

To better understand the concept of civic-mindedness and assess the extent to which students who graduate from IUPUI are civic-minded, staff from CSL developed the Civic-Minded Graduate (CMG) model. This model identifies the specific knowledge, skills, and dispositions to describe how students develop civic-mindedness. This model pulls from multiple disciplines, including, but not limited to, student development, social psychology, political and environmental science, and philanthropy.

The conceptual framework for the CMG represents the integration of the following three dimensions:

  • Identity
  • Educational Experiences
  • Civic Experiences

View the Civic-Minded Graduate diagram.

The construct of CMG incorporates the following domains:

  • Volunteer Opportunities: understanding of ways to contribute to society, particularly through voluntary service, and including knowledge of nonprofit organizations
  • Academic Knowledge and Technical Skills: understanding of how knowledge and skills in at least one discipline are relevant to addressing issues in society
  • Contemporary Social Issues: understanding of current events and the complexity of issues in modern society locally, nationally, or globally
  • Communication and Listening: ability to communicate (in writing and orally) with others, as well as listen to divergent points of view
  • Diversity: understanding the importance of, and the ability to work with, others from diverse backgrounds; also appreciation of and sensitivity to diversity in a pluralistic society
  • Consensus Building: ability to work with others, including those with diverse opinions, and work across differences to come to an agreement or solve a problem
  • Valuing Community Engagement: understanding the importance of serving others, and being actively involved in communities to address social issues
  • Self-Efficacy: having a desire to take personal action, with a realistic view that the action will produce the desired results
  • Social Trustee of Knowledge: feeling a sense of responsibility and commitment to use the knowledge gained in higher education to serve others
Behavioral Intentions
  • A stated intention to be personally involved in community service in the future

Three methods for measuring the CMG construct have been developed:

  1. CMG Scale (a quantitative self-report measure)
  2. CMG Narrative Prompt and Rubric (a qualitative measure)
  3. CMG Interview Protocol and Rubric (face-to-face interview questions)


Hatcher, J. A. (2008). The public role of professionals: Developing and evaluating the Civic-Minded Professional scale. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Pro Quest Dissertation and Theses, AAT 3331248.

Steinberg, K. S., Hatcher, J. A., & Bringle, B. G. (2008) Civic-Minded Graduate: A North Star. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 18, 19-33.